Paulo Wilfred

I am a Lecturer in ecology and wildlife conservation, Department of Life Sciences, Open University of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

For a long time I have been working on understanding reasons behind wildlife poaching in western Tanzania. However, I have not been able to realistically estimate poaching behaviour. I once came across a paper published by one of the ICCSs members, which used an indirect technique in estimating illegal behaviour in Serengeti ecosystem.  I wanted to use the same technique in western Tanzania, but I realised that the best way to learn about this technique and gain more experience in conservation would be to join ICCS. I eventually applied for a Commonwealth Fellowship to come to Oxford and work under Prof. E.J. Milner-Gulland in ICCS. I consider myself very lucky to be one of the ICCS team. So far I understand how I can estimate illegal behaviour in conservation. I have learnt a lot of new things, and I am still learning. I am sure by the time I complete my academic fellowship in August 2016 I will be very comfortable working on different interesting areas in conservation in Tanzania.

Just finished fieldwork in Ugalla Game ReserveMy interest is conservation science. Presently, I am interested in understanding the drivers of natural resources exploitation and their implications for conservation management, especially in western Tanzania. My previous study made detailed observations of various signs of illegal activities–hunting, fishing, honey hunting and logging, in the Ugalla ecosystem of western Tanzania. Since these activities are conducted by different groups of people, and have different drivers/values/rationales, my present study aims to connect the previous observations to a good understanding of these drivers.

Womans focus group disussionMy project involves estimating the prevalence of different types of illegal activity especially poaching, honey hunting and logging, using the unmatched count technique (UCT); and exploring reasons, from the community’s perspective, why people around Ugalla ecosystem do and do not engage in illegal activities.

Consequently, the objectives of the project are threefold 1) to estimate prevalence of illegal behaviour, 2) to explore drivers of illegal behaviour, and 3) to explore implications for conservation.

  1. Validation of Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool (SMART) to Promote Science-Based Wildlife Conservation in Western Tanzania.
  2. Reconciling Conservation and Livelihood Maintenance in Western Tanzania: Challenges and Opportunities

October 2015:  The Commonwealth Scholarship Commission offered me a full-funded academic fellowship at the University of Oxford.

July 2015: The Rufford Small Grants Foundation offered me a second small grant to carry out a research on “Reconciling Conservation and Livelihood Maintenance in Western Tanzania: Challenges and Opportunities”

June 2015: The Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH) offered me a grant to carry out a research on “Validation of Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool (SMART) to promote science-based wildlife conservation in western Tanzania”

Wilfred, P. & MacColl, A.D.C. (2015). Local perspectives on factors influencing the extent of wildlife poaching for bushmeat in a game reserve, western Tanzania. International Journal of Conservation Science, 6(1): 99-110

Wilfred, P. & MacColl, A.D.C. (2014). The pattern of poaching signs in Ugalla Game Reserve, western Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology, 52(4): 543-551 Wilfred, P. & MacColl (2014). Legal subsistence hunting trends in the Ugalla ecosystem of western Tanzania. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 60(2): 371-376

Wilfred, P. (2013). Abundance and size distribution of trees around the ancient oak trees of Sherwood Forest. Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 107(1): 34-39

Wilfred, P. (2012). Trophy hunting and trophy size in Ugalla Game Reserve, western Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Science, 38(2): 111-122

Wilfred, P. (2010). Towards sustainable wildlife management areas in Tanzania. Tropical Conservation Science, 3: 103-116

Wilfred, P. & MacColl, D.C. (2010). Income sources and their relation to wildlife poaching in Ugalla ecosystem, western Tanzania. African Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, 4: 886-896

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Paulo Wilfred