Krossy Mavakala Kalunseviko




KrossyWhat made you want to join the Trade Hub programme as an AFOx Biodiversity fellow?

After being hired as a Senior Researcher by the ERAIFT for the Trade Hub in central Africa program, then, have developed an interest to all of the topics related to the bushmeat aspect. They I had a look on the Internet and I have seen the application to the AfOx Biodiversity fellow. I have applied and things have worked well.

Is there a specific project you will be working on while you are with us? Can you tell us a little about it?

Maluku : The flow of Wildmeat from Rural DR Congo Maluku refers to a periurban commune of Kinshasa. By its beginning, Maluku regrouped three small villages. In 1968, Mobutu formed the villages into the 24th commune of Kinshasa and industrialized it. Industries, such as the iron and steel works, helped to develop the new commune as it established public services like camps for workers and other infrastructure. But, rapidly, industries, mainly the SOSIDER steel exploitation company (the main industry of Kinshasa from 1972) rapidly fell down, because of the departure of the Italians who built it, trained the first workers, and were co-managing it with Congolese until 1979. So, public services that industries were organizing also fell down. The situation led to the replacement of the State by a range of local actors who organizes public services. Today, there are around nineteen seaports (traditional and modern) owned by private actors. These are places of connection between Maluku and Kinshasa to the countryside like Bandundu, Equateur or Province Orientale, some former big provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo. And from the countryside comes a numerous quantity of wildmeat. People from Maluku and from Kinshasa run every week to the seaports to look for these products.

The main objective of this project is to know how the flow of wildmeat is organized from the countryside to Kinshasa and the actors involved. Maluku is also a place of the management of the wildlife conservation because of the presence of the Bombo-Lumene Reserve. Bombo-Lumene was created by Belgians in the late 1950’s as a forest and wildlife protected area. But, from the 1990’s to recently, the protected area faced conservation problems like the destruction of the forest and illegal hunting. As a consequence, Bombo-Lumene is the second place from which wildmeat flows to support the food needs of Kinshasa. So, it is important to analyse the ways the conservator of Bombo-Lumene and his staff, custom chiefs, NGOs and other structures involved in the management of wildlife organize themselves to fight the threat against wildlife caused by the wildmeat trade. Understanding wildmeat stakeholders and the role of state officials in regulating the trade in wildmeat will be the main objectives of the topic which will lead to improved knowledge on the public services in relation to wildmeat regulation in Maluku. Some outputs of the project will be a plan of research that will consist on a review of the literature, preparation of qualitative interview guides and a research strategy.


When I was a student, I used to help young people as an Ngo volunteer. Then, I was hired by a local Ngo in a periurban quarter of Kinshasa. This was a little Ngo fighting against HIV/AIDS, but had closer connections with National and International organizations like Centre Bomoto, UNICEF, PSI, UNFPA, and so on. Because I have honoured 3/5 times in the University, I developed a feeling to be hired as a Teaching Assistant and a Researcher. That happened in 2006 when I was both hired as a Researcher in a project on a global approach of health care for pregnant women and their relatives from the University of North Carolina in the DRC, and a Teaching Assistant into the Faculty of Social Communications at the Catholic University of Congo.

Then, I was teaching, I realized several researches and internships with the Caritas Développement-Congo, UPN, IOB/University of Antwerp, ERAIFT, University of Liège, EUPOL, and the AfOx Trade Hub program.


Urban governance (Peri-urbanization), Bushmeat, Urban gangsterism, Great-Lakes Region’s Conflicts, Sanitary emergency (HIV/AIDS, Covid-19)


A research on the specific issue of the impact of COVID-19 on people's attitudes and behaviour with regard to bushmeat trade and consumption in the Central Africa region. The research is about a social network and on-line media scraping showing how different people explain the origin of the covid-19, from bushmeat or not, how people trust or mistrust the government’s actions by the time of covid-19 outbreak, what are sanitary and hygienic mecanisms put in place to limit the spread of the covid-19, what links exist between covid-19 and other zoonotic diseases like Ebola and what about the food security question when fighting against covid-19 in the DRC.


Professor of Polical Sociology and Theories of Sociology at the Université Pédagogique Nationale and Coordinator of the Eraift/WCS bushmeat project at the Eraift (Kinshasa, DRC).

He has:

* PhD on Political and Social Sciences from the Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political and Social Sciences of the University of Liège (Belgium);

* PhD on the Integrated Management of Forests and Tropical Territories (ERAIFT) of the University of Kinshasa (DR Congo) whose the thesis subject: "Territorial Governance and the Delivery of Public Services in The Peri-urban Commune of Maluku in the City of Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of Congo) in 2019;

* Master degree at Integrated Management of Forests and Tropical Territories (ERAIFT) from the University of Kinshasa in 2013; a Certificate on The Economic Policy in the Great Lakes region at the IOB/University of Antwerp (Belgium) in 2010;

* Degree in Sociology (University of Kinshasa, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of Social, Administrative and Political Sciences) in 2005;

* Graduated in Sociology and Anthropology (University of Kinshasa, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of Social, Administrative and Political Sciences) in 2003;

He has conducted some research works as a Coordinator of the ECRIS Survey, Challenges of African Universities (University of Liège/National Pedagogical University/Catholic University of Congo); a Project Coordinator for the Study of the Kuluna Phenomenon (Urban Gangsterism) in the Kinshasa Commune (with the European Union Police Mission in the DRC; EUPOL in acronym), a Consultant at Caritas Développement-Congo for the Cenco program against HIV/AIDS, a Psychosocial counsellor for pregnant women and their relatives for the University of North Carolina in DRC, Coordinator of the Youth center Bomoto; Teaching Assistant in the Faculty of Social Communications (Catholic University of Congo).



1. MAVAKALA KALUNSEVIKO Krossy, 2020. Gouvernance territoriale et délivrance des services publics dans la commune périurbaine de Maluku à Kinshasa (République Démocratique du Congo), Thesis, Orbi, University of Liège,

2. MAVAKALA KALUNSEVIKO Krossy, « Le bourgmestre comme intermédiaire dans la délivrance des services publics dans le territoire périurbain de Maluku à Kinshasa », in : Conjonctures de l’Afrique centrale, L’Harmattan/Tervuren Museum/CREAC-AC, 2019, 4 71-89.

3. MAVAKALA KALUNSEVIKO Krossy, « Conflits réserve de Bombo-Lumene Vs communautés locales de Mbankana au plateau des Batéké : Analyses et perspectives pour une gouvernance participative », in Conjonctures congolaises, L’Harmattan/Tervuren Museum, 2015, 145-166.

4. KUNA MABA, Germain et MAVAKALA, Krossy, Le phénomène kuluna à Kinshasa. Evolution et stratégies de jugule de la criminalité en bande organisée en milieu urbain, Editions Universitaires européennes, Sarrebruck, 2015, 217 pages.

5. MAVAKALA KALUNSEVIKO Krossy, « Acteurs politiques et votants congolais sur Une analyse du comportement électoral », in : Médiatiques, Récit et société. Narratologie-Socio-économie-Ethnologie. Les élections de 2011 en RDC, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-La-Neuve, Novembre 2013, pp.35-41.

6. MAVAKALA KALUNSEVIKO Krossy (SD), Etude de la perception du phénomène « kuluna » par les habitants de la commune de Kinshasa, Mission de l’union européenne d’appui à la reforme du secteur de sécurité en RDC dans les domaines de la police et son interface justice, Septembre 2013, 101 pages.

7. WWF, Congo Basin Program, IDH, (Krossy MAVAKALA KALUNSEVIKO), Rapport de l’atelier d’harmonisation de processus de micro-zonage participatif en République Démocratique du Congo, Kinshasa, mai 2013, 57 pages. id. “R”

 8. SARA GEENEN (Dir.), Towards peace and development in the Great Lakes Region. An on-line Role Play Simulation, University of Antwerp, April-May 2010, “R”

9. MAVAKALA KALUNSEVIKO Krossy, « Insécurité à l’Est de la RDC : Reportages à couteaux tirés entre deux organes de presse en période préélectorale », in Les Médiatiques, Louvain-La-Neuve, 2009.

10. MAVAKALA KALUNSEVIKO Krossy, « Chez les femmes enceintes à Kinshasa, la prévalence de la sérodiscordance du VIH », in : Revue des jeunes L’Avenir, Décembre 2009.

11. MAVAKALA, Krossy, ROGER, Isabelle, KABAMBA, Joelle, YALALA, Scotty, MUPUALA, Aimee, N'KU, D, BEHETS, Frieda, Referral of women identified as HIV+ during antenatal care, and their tracking and retention in a primary health care program, XVII International AIDS Conference. 3-8 August 2008, Mexico City, Mexico, ISBN: 978-92-95069-05-3,

12. Yalala, Scotty, Roger, Isabelle, Kabamba, Joelle, Mavakala, Krossy, Tabala, Martine, Sander, Petra, N'ku, D., Behets, Frieda, 2008. Family-centered HIV Services at a primary health care center for women identified as HIV+ during antenatal care. XVII International AIDS Conference. 3-8 August 2008, Mexico City, Mexico.

13. MAVAKALA KALUNSEVIKO Krossy, « Le cybercafé et l’enfant kinois : opportunité ou danger », in Médias et enfants, Unesco/Facultés Catholiques de Kinshasa, 2007.