Reports, Book Chapters, Conference Presentations And Other




Smith, Robert & Salazar, Gabby & Starinchak, Joseph & Thomas-Walters, Laura & Verissimo, Diogo. (2020). Social marketing and conservation. In book: Conservation Research, Policy and Practice Here


Sui, S. and Hazenbosch, M., ‘Handbook – Sweet potato project methods’ (English version) or ‘Hanbuk – Kaukau Projek ol steps’ (Tok Pisin version).


Katsanevakis, S. et al. (2017) Advancing marine conservation in European and contiguous seas with the MarCons Action. Research Ideas and Outcomes 3, e11884. here

Esmail, N. (2017) Stakeholder and Institutional Analysis: Achieving No Net Loss for communities and biodiversity in Uganda. Wild Business Ltd for University of Oxford; London, UK. here


S. Pooley, 2016, Croc Digest: A Bibliography of Human Crocodile Conflicts Research and Reports, produced for the IUCN Crocodile Specialist Group.

Travers, H., Roe, D., Plumptre, A., Baker, J., Rwetsiba, A. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2016) Nature’s stewards: how local buy-in can help tackle wildlife crime in Uganda. Briefing Paper. IIED, London.



Bull, J.W., Bryant, C., Baker, J. and Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2015) Developing, measuring and communicating the outcomes of corporate biodiversity strategies. London, UK; Wild Business Ltd.

Harrison, M., Roe, D., Baker, J., Mwedde, G., Travers, H., Plumptre, A., Rwetsiba, A. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2015): Wildlife Crime: a review of the evidence on drivers and impacts in Uganda. International Institute for Environment and Development, London

Woodhouse, E. Homewood, K. Beauchamp,E. Clements,T. McCabe, T.J. Wilkie, D. Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2015: Guiding principles for evaluating the impacts of conservation interventions on human well-being  Royal Society



Bladon, A., Yassin Mohammed, E., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2014) A Review of Conservation Trust Funds for Sustainable Marine Resources Management: Conditions for Success. IIED Working Paper. IIED, London.

Kumpel, N., Cunningham, A.A, Fa, J.E., Jones, J.P.G., Rowcliffe, J.M., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2014) Ebola and bushmeat: myth and reality. NWFP Update: FAO, Rome

Maxwell, S., Rhodes, J., Bal, P., Bunnefeld, N., Earle, S., Jones, J.P.G., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Nuno, A., Watson, J.E.M., Knight, A.T. (2014) Sustainability: root targets in consensus. Nature 514, 434

Twinamatsiko, M., Baker, J., Harrison, M., Shirkorshidi, M., Bitariho, R., Wieland, M., Asuma, S., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Franks, P, Roe, D. (2014) Linking conservation, equity and poverty alleviation. International Institute for Environment and Development, London.



Singh, N.J., Amgalabaatar, S., Reading, R.P. (2011) Temporal dynamics of group size and sexual segregation in Ibex. Exploration into the Biological Resources of Mongolia (Halle/Saale, Germany)/ Erforsch. biol. Ress. Mongolei (Halle/Saale) 11: 315-322

Watson, C., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Mourato, S. (2011) Direct consumptive use value of ecosystem goods and services in the Bale Mountains Eco-region, Ethiopia. Walia Special Edition, 181-196



Rist, L., Shaankar, R.U., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Ghazoul, J. (2010) Combining Traditional Ecological Knowledge and conventional scientific data in forest management. Traditional Knowledge Bulletin, Tropical issues series, June 2010.



Bunnefeld, N., Börger, L., Nilsen, E.B., Basille, M., Hall, R.J., Ezard, T.H.G., Trierweiler, C., Minderman, J., Mangel, M.S., Gaillard, J-M., Milner-Gulland, E.J. and Attendees of the Populations under Pressure symposium (2009) Coming out of the ivory tower: how to ensure that ecological modelling research remains practical and applied. British Ecological Society Bulletin.

Laurence T. Kell, Carlos Palma and Alex Tidd. (2009). STANDARDISATION OF NORTH ATLANTIC ALBACORE, Thunnus alalunga, CPUE. SCRS/09/101.

Ulrich C., Andersen, B.S., Castro J., Jacobsen R.J., Maravelias C., Nielsen J.R., Reeves, S., Santurtun M., Tidd A., Wilson D. (2009). Potentials and challenges in fleet- and métier- based approaches for fisheries management in the CFP. ICES CM2009/R06

Travers, H., Clements, T., Keane. A., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2009) Leveling the Playing Field: The Effects of Institutional Controls on Common Pool Resource Extraction. Report prepared for WCS TransLinks Program December 2009



Matthiopoulos, J., Thomas, L., McConnell, B., Duck, C., Thompson D., Pomeroy, P., Harwood, J., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Wolf, N. & Mangel, M. (2008) Putting long-term, population monitoring data to good use: The Causes of Density Dependence in UK grey seals. SCOS Briefing paper 06/08.



Arylov, Iu.A., Voznesenskaya, V.V., Lushchekina, A.A., Medzhidov, R.A., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Ubushaev, V.S. (2006) An international research and conservation project  on saigas in Kalmykia. Steppnoi Bulletin 21-22, 11-14.

Milner-Gulland, E.J., Lushchekina, A.A., Bekenov, A.B., Grachev, Iu.A., Arylov, Iu.A. (2006) Using saiga antelope conservation to improve rural livelihoods. Steppnoi Bulletin 21-22, 10-11.

Milner-Gulland, E.J., Kuhl, A. (2006) Desperately seeking saiga. BBC Wildlife 24, 8, 50-55. 



Senaratna Sellamutta, S., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2005) The importance of community participation and empowerment in post-Tsunami rehabilitation: A case study from the Hambantota district in Sri Lanka. Proceedings of the 4th International PEP meeting, Colombo, June 2005. here

Lushchekina, A.A., Kiriliuk, V., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2005) Two international meetings on the conservation of the Mongolian gazelle and Saiga antelope, Ulaanbaatar, October 2004. Oryx 39, 372-373



Arylov, Y., Badmaev, V., Bekenov, A., Chimeg, J., Entwistle, A., Grachev, Y.A., Lhagvasuren, B., Lushchekina, A., Mallon, D., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Ukrainsky, V. (2004) The saiga antelope – teetering on the brink but still cause for hope. Oryx 38, 250-251. pdf

Bykova E., Milner-Gulland E.J., Grachev Yu., Bekenov A., Marmazinskaya N., Kreuzberg-Mukhina E., Assessment of the desert ungulates in Central Asian region, Proceeding of the International Conference on Desert Ungulate Biology and Conservation, Saudi Arabia, 2004



Hancock, P.A., Milner-Gulland, E.J. and Keeling, M.J. (2003) The effects of spatio-temporal habitat change on bearded pigs in Borneo: an overview of future research activities, Asian Wild Pig News, 3(1), 10-11.

Kreuzberg-Mukhina E., Bykova, E., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Ling S., Grebot B., Abdusalamov, I., Bekenov, A., Grachev Yu., Salnikov, V., Shukurov, E., Stogova L. (2003) Mammals in Central Asian threatened biodiversity database. Proceedings of the Conference Teriofauna of Russia and neighbouring countries. Moscow, 2003, p.181. In Rus.

Kreuzberg-Mukhina, E., Bykova, E., Milner-Gulland E., Grebot B. (2003) Mountain fauna in the Central-Asian: a database of threatened biodiversity. Caprinae. Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Caprinae Specialist Group, October, 8.



Bekenov, A.B., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Dukravetz, G.M., Grachev, Iu.A., Mityaev, I.D., (2002) On the categories and criteria of IUCN for including animals in Red Books and lists. In: Zoological Investigations in Kazakhstan: State of the art and perspectives. Materials of the International Scientific Conference, 19-21 March 2002, Almaty. (in Russian)

Kreuzberg-Mukhina, E., Kreuzberg, A.,. Milner-Gulland. E.J., Bykova. E.A. (2002) Biodiversity assessment and redlisting process at the national and regional levels in Central Asia. In: De Longh, H.H., O.S. Banki, W. Bergmans and M.J. van der Werff ten Bosch 2003. Harmonisation of National Red Lists in Europe. Proceedings of International Seminar 27-28 November 2002, The Netherlands Commission for International Nature Protection, Mededelingen, N 38, Leiden. pp.54-56.

Milner-Gulland, E.J., Lushchekina, A.A. (2002) Recommendations for saiga conservation action. Gnusletter 20, 4-7.

Senaratna, S and E. J. Milner-Gulland (2002). What affects livelihoods sustainability of coastal communities in Sri Lanka? Policy Matters – the quarterly journal of the IUCN Commission on Environment, Economics and Social Policy (CEESP) 10, 104-106.



Milner-Gulland, E.J., Shaikenov, B.Sh., Morgan, E.R., Torgerson, P.R. (2001) Interactions between saigas and domestic livestock: exchange of parasites and its influence on the dynamics of ungulate populations. Izvestiya MON of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Biological and Medical Series, 3, 84-94. in Russian 1999



Lushchekina, A.A., Kholodova, M.V., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Nyambayar, B., Amgalan, L., Neronov, V.M. (2000) A preliminary molecular-genetic study of the Mongolian population of the saiga antelope. International Conference on Central Asian Ecosystems, September 5th-7th 2000. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.



Lundervold, M., Baramova, S., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (1999) Brucellosis in saiga antelopes and domestic livestock. Conference on issues in the conservation and sustainable use of Kazakhstan’s animal biodiversity, April 7th-9th 1999. Institute of Zoology and Animal Genetics, Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences.

Morgan, E.R., Torgerson, P., Shaikenov, B., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (1999) Abomasal nematodes of saiga in the Betpak-dala region of Kazakhstan. Conference on issues in the conservation and sustainable use of Kazakhstan’s animal biodiversity, April 7th-9th 1999. Institute of Zoology and Animal Genetics, Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences.

Robinson, S., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (1999) Agricultural change in Kazakhstan: Effects on stock distribution and numbers. Conference on issues in the conservation and sustainable use of Kazakhstan’s animal biodiversity, April 7th-9th 1999. Institute of Zoology and Animal Genetics, Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences.



Robinson, S., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (1998) Privatisation and changes in pasture use in Betpak-dala, central Kazakhstan. Presented at CoDoCA, the Conference on Strategic Considerations on the Development of Central Asia. 13-18 September 1998, Urumchi, China.



Lundervold, M., Namet, A., O’Callaghan, C., Grachev, Iu., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Ivanov, N., Bekenov, A.B., Rees, D.M. (1997) A serological survey of Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis in saiga antelopes in Kazakhstan. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Paris, June 1997.



Milner-Gulland, E.J. (1993) Models of household decision-making under risk: Case studies from the communal areas of Zimbabwe. Coping with uncertainty in Africa's drylands: Final Technical Report to the Science & Technology for Development Programme of the European Commission. ed. I. Scoones. International Institute for Environment & Development, London.

Milner-Gulland, E.J. (1993) The Exploitation of the African Elephant for ivory – an historical perspective. Proceedings of the 7th U.K. Elephant Workshop. Ed. N.G. Spooner, J.A. Whitear. Enviro-Print, Southampton.



Renewable Resources Assessment Group (1989) The impact of the ivory trade on the African Elephant population. Ivory Trade Review Group Technical Reports. Prepared for the 7th CITES conference of the parties, Lausanne, October 1989. Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford.


Book Chapters


Challender, DWS., Shepherd, CR., Heinrich, S., Katsis, L. (2019) International trade and trafficking in pangolins, 1900-2018. In: Challender, DWS., Nash, H., Waterman, C. (Eds.) (2019) Pangolins: Science, Society and Conservation. Academic Press.

Challender, DWS., O’Criodain, C. (2019) Addressing trade threats to pangolins in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). In: Challender, DWS., Nash, H., Waterman, C. (Eds.) (2019) Pangolins: Science, Society and Conservation. Academic Press.

Cooney, R., Challender, DWS. (2019) Engaging local communities in responses to illegal trade in pangolins: who, why and how? In: Challender, DWS., Nash, H., Waterman, C. (Eds.) (2019) Pangolins: Science, Society and Conservation. Academic Press.

‘t Sas-Rolfes, M., Challender, DWS. (2019) Evaluating the impact of pangolin farming on conservation. In: Challender, DWS., Nash, H., Waterman, C. (Eds.) (2019) Pangolins: Science, Society and Conservation. Academic Press.   

Morin, D., Challender, DWS., Ichu, IG., Ingram, DI., Nash, HC., Panaino, W., Panjang, E., Sun, NCM., Willcox, D. Developing robust monitoring methodologies for pangolin conservation. In: Challender, DWS., Nash, H., Waterman, C. (Eds.) (2019) Pangolins: Science, Society and Conservation. Academic Press


Briefs, conference articles and reports

Wright J. (2019) Darknet Usage in the Illegal Wildlife Trade. Tools and Guidance, Oxford Martin Programme on the Illegal Wildlife Trade, University of Oxford. Burgess, G., Zain, S., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Eisingerich, A.B., Sharif, V., Ibbett, H., Olmedo, A.C., Sohl, H. (2018) Reducing demand for illegal wildlife products: Research analysis on strategies to change illegal wildlife product consumer behaviour.

Milner-Gulland, E.J., Cugniere, L., Hinsley, A., Phelps, J., ‘t Sas-Rolfes, M., Verissimo, D. (2018) Evidence to Action: Research to address the illegal wildlife trade. Briefing note to policy-makers and practitioners.

IFAW, INTERPOL, WWF-TRAFFIC, OMP-IWT at University of Oxford, DICE at University of Kent. Global Cybercrime Action Plan: A Call to Action for the London Conference on Illegal Wildlife Trade, October 11-12, 2018.